The first thing you should do is ask yourself if your journey is absolutely necessary. Driving in snowy and icy conditions is more dangerous and drivers are 20% more likely to be involved in an accident during the winter months.
Before you set off
If it is necessary for you to drive then you should make sure you do some essential checks on your car. Start by checking your tyre tread and pressure, top up your fluid levels (oil, coolant/water and screen wash) and check that your windscreen wipers are working effectively. The last thing you want is for them to fail whilst you’re out driving in snow.
If you’re going on a long journey, it might also be wise to put some food, extra clothes and/or a blanket, a fully charged mobile, jump leads, a shovel, a torch and a de-icer in the car too. You might think it sounds extreme, but getting caught out in the middle of no-where with no supplies could be potentially life threatening!
Plan your route before you set off; it’s a good idea to stick to major roads as there’s a better chance that they’ve been gritted or cleared which will make your journey faster and easier.
Allow extra time to clear snow and ice from your windscreen and the roof of your car – it’s not illegal to drive around with snow on your roof per se, but you must be able to see out of all your windows, and if any snow falls down whilst driving it could obstruct your view and other drivers which is dangerous.
Once you’re prepared for your journey you can set off. Driving in snow and ice requires a very different driving technique that not many people are aware of. When driving in snow or ice it’s important to get your speed right – too fast and you’ll lose control, too slow and you could lose momentum.
- Start gently from stationary.
- Brake, accelerate and change gears as smooth as possible.
- Stay in a higher gear where possible for better control. If it’s slippery and you drive a manual car, move off in a higher gear rather than first gear; this helps manage engine power delivery making it easier to find traction.
- If do start skidding, take your foot off the pedals and steer. Only use the brake if you can’t steer and regain control.
Braking distance can increase by up to 10 times the normal stopping distance in icy conditions. This means in snow it could take you further than the length of seven football pitches to stop. It’s important to keep a gap up to 10 times the recommended length between you and the car in front.
Black ice is a thin layer of ice on the road that’s transparent making it difficult to spot. If the road surface looks wet and the temperature is low, be cautious as there could be black ice.
If you do hit black ice, keep your steering wheel straight and maintain your speed. Avoid slowing down using your brakes if you can and instead use your gears to slow down. Sudden movements could destabilise the car and you could lose control.